This week in grammar we are looking at subordinate clauses and how we identify them and can use them in sentences.
The subordinate clause is the part of the sentence that provides additional information to the sentence but cannot stand alone for example.
The boy ran down the road as he laughed.
'as he laughed' is the subordinate clause because it does not make sense on it's own - why was he laughing, where etc. The boy was running down the road is the main clause as it makes sense on it's own and does not need anything else for us to understand that point. It has a subject, verb object.
However, we don't always have to follow the structure of main clause followed by subordinate clause. We can swap and change them around for example As he laughed, the boy ran down the road. The sentence structure has now been changed.
Can you swap these sentences around so that the subordinate clause comes at the start - remember the punctuation. The comma is used to separate the subordinate clause from the main clause when it is at the start of the sentence.
Jack wanted to go to the swimming pool even though it was late.
The children had been playing happily despite the cold weather.
The local football team won the match last Saturday.
The cup of coffee was steaming hot as Sally had only just made it.
We can often identify a subordination clause by the subordination conjunction, although they aren't always there. Check out this video and activity to remind you of what a subordinating conjunction is.
Can you add your own subordinating conjunction to the end of these main clauses to create a complex sentence.
The dog wanted to go out and play.
Fred was watching the tv.
Mrs David had a headache.
Sophie was excited.
The children were all really fed up.